Amir Khusrau Dehlvi

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One of the iconic figures of the Indo-Pak subcontinent, Amir Khusrau Dehlvi was born in Mominabad, which was later named as Patyali, the suburban area of Shanbal in 1253. His father Saifuddin was a nobleman from Balakh. He migrated to India as the invasion of the Mongols was imminent. Saifuddin joined the court of Sultan Iltutmish and married the daughter of Imad-ul-Mulk in 1253 at Patiali. His grand father, Rawat ‘Ard had been in charge of the War Office for more than half a century under different kings. Amir Khusrau himself had lived under seven monarchs. He went to war under several Delhi rulers during 1272 to 1325. He started his career as a courtier of Malik Chajju ‘Ala-ud-din Khan. Later he joined the court of Balban’s elder son Prince Mohammad in Multan and served him for five years who later was killed by the Mongols. Thereafter Amir Khusrau moved to Delhi. His longest association was with the royal court of Ala-ud-din Khalji.

He was a man of great talent and learning. He was prolific and staggering writer both in both poetry and prose. He wrote 92 books including Taj-ul-fatah, Tughluq namah, Sheerin Khusrau and Laila majnoon. He was skillful, amazing and outstanding as an intellectual, poet, historian, biographer, courtier, mystic and musician par excellence. He was highly broad-minded with a new vision that artistically enriched a novel pattern of culture and humanistic values. Khusrau wrote Hindi poetry replete with simplicity and spontaneity. He is so refreshing and stimulating that the marital songs he wrote five centuries ago are still sung with engrossing interest on the eve of marriage ceremonies. By the end of this period he had compiled two collections of poems, his first diwan, Tuhfatu’s Sighar (gifts of childhood) was written in1272-73. In his Persian work Nuh Sipihr, he gives an account of Qutb-ud-din Mubarak Shah’s reign and eloquently raises Indian sciences, religion and other products of the Indian genius. In this book he challenges the Persian poets and sings of his native land with its hoary past. Apart from lyrics qasidahs that he completed in three years,

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