1206 - 1526 Events
The Delhi Sultanate

1206 - 1290

1206 - 1290 Events
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The concept of equality in Islam and Muslim traditions reached its climax in the history of South Asia when slaves were raised to the status of Sultan. The Slave Dynasty…

1290 - 1316

1290 - 1316 Events
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The founder of the Khalji Dynasty in South Asia, Malik Firuz, was originally the Ariz-i-Mumalik appointed by Kaiqubad during the days of decline of the Slave Dynasty. He took advantage…

1320 - 1414

1320 - 1414 Events
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During his rule, Khusraw replaced Muslim officers by Hindu officers in all key positions of the country. These Hindu officers openly insulted Islam, dishonored mosques and used copies of the…

1414 - 1451

1414 - 1451 Events
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Khizar Khan, the founder of the Saiyids Dynasty, claimed to be a descendent of the Prophet of Islam, Hadrat Muhammad (S. A. W.). Thus his established rule is known as…

1451 - 1526

1451 - 1526 Events
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The Lodhi Dynasty was the first and last Afghan dynasty to rule in South Asia, with the exception of Sher Shah Suri, the only other Afghan who ruled this region.…

Features of The Delhi Sultanate

Features of The Delhi Sultanate
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During the Sultanate era an exotic Indo-Muslim culture came into being which was the blend of Arabic, Turkish, Afghan, Persian, Central-Asian and Indian traditions. Initially, the conquests from Afghanistan culturally…

Features of The Delhi Sultanate
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Sultanate era witnessed the rise of Persian as the court language. The real credit of important developments that took place in the field of poetry, prose, biography, political & moralistic…

Features of The Delhi Sultanate
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The Sultanate era was a unique epoch of Muslim achievements. Firstly, because a small minority which was just the ratio of one to thousands conquered, established control and administered the…

Features of The Delhi Sultanate
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Judiciary comprised four types of courts: diwan-i-mazalim (Court of complaints and justice), presided by the rulers or his representative known as Amir-i Dad; qazi courts; the courts of muhatasibs especially…

Features of The Delhi Sultanate
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The army was administered by ariz-ul-mumalik. He was not the commander-in-chief but the controller-general. He exercised great influence over the state. His duties were to keep up the strength and…

Features of The Delhi Sultanate
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The revenue system was in accordance with the Islamic theory and duly inherited from the Ghaznavids. It was, however, compatible to the local conditions of India. The state demand on…

Features of The Delhi Sultanate
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Muslim dynasties rose and fell but Islam as a unifying force sustained the Muslims throughout these centuries. The ulema and sufis played a dominant role in the preservation of Islam.…

Features of The Delhi Sultanate
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The village during the Sultanate period remained as in the ancient period a self-contained unit of economic life. The cities flourished under the Sultans. The testimony of Ibn Battuta who…

Features of The Delhi Sultanate
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The Muslims brought with them strongly developed traditions of architecture expressing artistic genius of the Muslim rulers. Their architecture was arcuate that is, depending upon true arches and vaulted roofs…

Features of The Delhi Sultanate
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The Muslims during the Sultanate period developed decorative arts like calligraphy and arabesque. Their floral and geometrical patterns enhanced the beauty of their buildings as well as illuminated their books.…

Features of The Delhi Sultanate
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Among the games and pastimes chaugan (polo), riding, racing, hunting and archery were popular among the Muslim nobility and the upper classes. Indoor games like chess and back gammon were…

Features of The Delhi Sultanate
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Among the ceremonies the most important were those associated with ‘aqiqah, bismillah, circumcision, marriage and funeral. These were Muslim and Central Asian in form. Among the religious ceremonies pilgrimage to…

Features of The Delhi Sultanate
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The Muslim food in Sultanate era was predominantly Central-Asian. It has still endured for centuries in Muslim culture of sub-continent as so many dishes in India and Pakistan are Central-Asian.…

Features of The Delhi Sultanate
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Before Muslims Indian music was devotional and mostly confined to particular events, festivals and places of worship. Muslims, however, secularized and popularized music by introducing a good deal of fun…

Features of The Delhi Sultanate
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Muslims practiced and patronized the Indo-Muslim medicine popularly known as Yunani Tibb. Zia-ud-din Barani in his historical accounts mentions the names of important physicians of the time of Balban and…

Features of The Delhi Sultanate
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Knowledge was highly advanced and endorsed in Sultanate era. The government took keen interest in the establishment of necessary institutions of learning. Education was common, free and widespread. Individual scholars…