1526 - 1857 Events
The Mughal Empire

1526 - 1628

1526 - 1628 Events Humayun
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Babur was succeeded by his eldest son Humayun. Humayun failed in asserting a strong monarchical authority. He inherited a freshly won empire with a host of troubles; the Afghan nobles,…

1526 - 1628 Events Suri Dynasty
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Sher Khan, known as Sher Shah Suri, was an Afghan leader who took over the Mughal Empire after defeating Humayun in 1540. Sher Shah occupied the throne of Delhi for…

1526 - 1628 Events Akbar
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Humayun’s heir, Akbar, was born in exile and was only 13 years old when his father died. Thanks to his exceptionally capable guardian, Bahram Khan, he survived to demonstrate his…

1526 - 1628 Events East India Company
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In 1583, Queen Elizabeth I dispatched the ship Tyger to the Sub-continent to exploit opportunities for trade. Sixteen years after the Tyger sailed to India, Queen Elizabeth granted trading rights…

1526 - 1628 Events Jehangir
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Akbar was succeeded by his son, Salim, who took the title of Jehangir, meaning “Conqueror of the World”. He expanded the empire through the addition of Kangra and Kistwar and…

1628 - 1707

1628 - 1707 Events Aurangzeb
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Aurangzeb ascended the throne on July 21, 1658 and ruled supreme till 1707. Thus Aurangzeb ruled for 50 years, matching Akbar’s reign in longevity. But unfortunately he kept his five…

1628 - 1707 Events Shah Jehan
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Jehangir was succeeded by his second son Khurram in 1628. Khurram took the name of Shah Jehan, i.e. the Emperor of the World. He further expanded his Empire to Kandhar…

1707 - 1857

1707 - 1857 Events War of Independence
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By 1845, the British Empire had expanded from Bengal to Sindh, and all that remained free was Punjab. The Sikhs were ruling over Punjab and after the Second Sikh War…

1707 - 1857 Events Haji Shariatullah
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The first half of the 19th century witnessed a movement known as Faraizi Movement in East Bengal. The founder of this movement was Haji Shariatullah. At this time the condition…

Features of the Mughal Era

Features of Mughal Era Architecture
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Mughals built like Titans and finished like jewelers. Indo-Muslim architecture attained its utmost excellence under the Mughals’ era. A long period of fair peace and prosperity and ample resources at…

Features of Mughal Era Education
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The Mughals were the most educated ruling class of their age. The Muslim aristocracy, and the ulema and Sufis, the first by choice and the later too by profession and…

Features of Mughal Era Literature
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Secular as well religious literature was abundantly produced in Persian and Arabic languages. Both poetry and prose were promoted liberally during the Mughal reign. Tuzuk-e-Babri (memoirs of Babur), Tuzuk-e-Jahangiri (memoirs…

Features of Mughal Era Libraries
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Big libraries were established by the rulers and maintained the leading nobles. Humanyun had a big library and was deeply interested in astrology. According to the Jesuit Father Manrique, the…

Features of Mughal Era Agriculture in Mughal Period
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During the period of the great Mughals when royal authority in the center was strong and its hold on provincial and local governments was effective, the emperors insisted on extension…

Features of The Delhi Sultanate Industry
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The economic conditions during the Mughal period were favorable and industry was in flourishing fashion. The industrial production consisted of fine cotton and silk fabrics, woolen and silk shawls, carpets…

Features of Mughal Era Trade
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International trade immensely developed during the Mughal era. The Indian traders traveled by land and touched the borders of Europe and Middle East as well as China and Far East.…

Features of Mughal Era Religion/Sufism
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The Mughal rulers were pretty tolerant of other beliefs and hence their reign is deemed fairly secular. Nevertheless, Islam spread far and wide by leaps and bounds in this era,…

Features of Mughal Era Army
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Theoretically all able-bodied citizens of the Empire were soldiers of the imperial army and could be called upon to render military service in times of emergency. Cavalry was the main…

Features of Mughal Era Administration
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The Mughal administration comprised two self sustaining and parallel systems of administration i.e. central and provincial administration. Though the Mughal emperors kept the ultimate authority in their hands, the actual…

Features of Mughal Era Music
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The Mughals hold an estimable reputation for their refinement and patronization of music on a lavish scale. Babur was an expert musician and a critic of music. In his autobiography…

Features of Mughal Era Jewelry
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The Mughals paid great attention to articles of personal adornment. Jewelry, like so many other arts, reached new heights of perfection in beauty of design, boldness of execution and attention…

Features of Mughal Era Fabrics
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Under the Mughuls the textile industry blossomed and till the end of the 18th century the subcontinent could be described as one of the workshops of the world. Akbar, Jahangir…