Khudai Khidmatgar Movement

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Khudai Khidmatgar Movement was organized by Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan popularly known as Bacha khan, on a non-violence approach to the socio-political problems of the people of N.W.F.P. The province due to its unique geographical location was treated by the British administration different from the rest of India. This brought social, political and economic backwardness in the Pushtoon society. Participation in the Khilafat Movement by Indian Muslims and their migration (Hijrat) towards Afghanistan brought N.W.F.P and its people in close collaboration with their brethren from rest of India. Ghaffar Khan had realized that migration is not the solution of the multifarious problems they faced.

To eradicate social evils like illiteracy, blood feud, crimes, the use of intoxicants and factionalism from the Pushtoon society, he decided to launch an Educational Program and achieve the goal purely on non-violence and non-political base. He wanted to inculcate unity among the Pushtoon society, eradicate the social evils, prevent lavish spending on the social events, promote Pushto language and literature and real love for the Islam among the Pushtoons.

To achieve his objectives, Anjumen-i-Islah-ul-Afghana, (the society for the reformation of the Afghans) was formed by Ghaffar Khan in April1, 1921. He opened the first Azad Islamia Madrassa at Utmanzai District Charsadda. On Dec 1, 1923 the Madrassa got affiliated with Jamia Millia Islamia Delhi. Later the Anjumen started publishing their own monthly journal “Pukhtoon” covering the socio-political problems of the Pushtoons.

Some members of the Anjumen suggested launching another organization on the model of the Young Turks, Young Afghans, Young Khivas and similar organization outside India, on the plea to attract the Young Pushtoon blood. On

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