Maulvi Tamizuddin was born in 1889 in the village of Farid Pur. He got his early education at his home. For higher education he travelled to Bihar, Calcutta and then returned to Farid Pur t start his professional career as a lawyer. He passed his entrance exam in 1906. He took admission at Victoria College in Bihar and passed his exams in arts. Then he got education at Scottish Churches College and Presidency College Calcutta. After passing Honors in English in 1911, he took admission for M.A in Presidency College and for Law at Rippon College, simultaneously. He passed both the exams in 1913 and 1914 respectively.
Having close observation of the rural life and its problems, Maulvi Tamizuddin stepped in the field of politics when anti-Bengal Partition Movement was on its peak. He was greatly inspired by the speeches made by Ambeka Charan Majamdar, President of the Indian National Congress who appealed to the students of Bengal to boycott the British products and join the movement in 1905. He responded to his call positively. In 1906, before taking the entrance exams, he exhibited his speaking power and made fiery speeches against the partition of Bengal. However, he realized belatedly that Muslims’ emancipation was tightly knitted with the partition of Bengal.
In Farid Pur Bar he was an ardent supporter of Hindu-Muslim unity. So he joined Indian National Congress in 1921. During Khilafat Movement, he took part in boycotting the British Courts and went to the extent of getting his brother out of a British school. Maulvi Tamizuddin was arrested for his political activities and sent to the Farid Pur jail and then shifted to Central Jail Dhaka where he began reading and understanding Holy Quran. In 1923, he was released from the jail. These sufferings had great impact on the personality of Maulvi Tamizuddin. Later, when British government wanted to give him the title of ‘Khan Bahadur’, he simply refused to accept it. Consequently his practice was banned