Named Mushtaq Hussain by his parents, Nawab Viqar-ul-Mulk was born on March 24, 1841. He started his education at a maktab and later on became a pupil of Maulvi Rahat Ali Amrohi, under whom he learned advanced Arabic, Hadith and Fiqh. He later joined government services where he came in contact with Sir Syed Ahmad Khan in 1861 in the United Provinces.
In 1866, he started his career as a humble worker of the Aligarh Movement. He also became a member of the Scientific Society. In 1870, he was awarded second prize in an essay competition arranged by the Society for the Promotion of Education Among Muslims. The subject of his essay focused on bringing about an educational renaissance among the Muslims.
In 1875, he was invited to serve in Hyderabad State under the British. He continued to serve for 17 years and as a result of his meritorious services, he was elevated to the rank of a Nawab, his full title being Nawab Mushtaq Hussain Viqar-ul-Mulk.
Nawab Viqar-ul-Mulk was a member of the Simla Deputation in 1906. He wanted the Muslims to organize themselves politically and to safeguard their political rights. He also played an active role in the establishment of the Muslim League.
Starting his political career with the Aligarh Movement, he represented and guarded the Indian Muslim cause at two significant events, the Simla Deputation and the establishment of the Muslim League.
By 1915, he was paralyzed by a stroke. He passed away on January 27, 1917, and was buried in his family graveyard at Amroha.
This article was last updated on Sunday, June 01, 2003