1526 - 1857 Personalities
The Mughal Empire

1526 - 1628 Personalities

1526 – 1628 Personalities
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Humayun “The Fortunate” was the eldest son of Babur. He had three younger brothers, Kamran, Askari and Hindal. Born on March 6, 1508, at Kabul, he learnt Turkish, Arabic and…

1526 – 1628 Personalities
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Akbar “The Great” was one of the greatest rulers in Indian history. He was born when Humayun and his first wife, Hamida Bano, were fugitives escaping towards Iran. It was…

1526 – 1628 Personalities
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The first of the great reformers, Sheikh Ahmad Sarhindi al-Farooqi an-Naqshbandi, was born in Sarhind on June 26, 1564. He belonged to a devout Muslim family that claimed descent from…

1526 – 1628 Personalities
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Prince Muhammad Salim was the eldest son of Akbar. He was born in August 1569, after many prayers and blessings of the saints. Therefore, Akbar ensured that his son receive…

1526 – 1628 Personalities
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Nur Jehan was the daughter of a Persian immigrant, Mirza Ghiyas Baig of Tehran. Before becoming the beloved wife of the Mughal emperor Jehangir, she was the widow of a…

1526 – 1628 Personalities
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Arjumand Bano Begum, entitled Mumtaz Mehal, “the ornament of the palace”, was the daughter of Asif Khan, brother of Nur Jehan, wife of Mughal emperor Jehangir. In 1612, Arjumand Bano…

1526 – 1628 Personalities
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Shah Jehan was one of Jehangir’s four sons. Born in 1592 in Lahore, his parents named him Khurram. He was smart, intelligent, and ambitious. He proved himself a great military…

1526 – 1628 Personalities
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Bairam Khan was a Turkoman military general, who served as the regent to the underage Mughal ruler Akbar, who came to power in 1556. Although the period of Bairam Khan’s…

1526 – 1628 Personalities
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Maham Anaga was the governess of Emperor Akbar. As the word ‘Anaga’ means nurse, Maham Anaga seems to be a title rather than original name. She is not mentioned in…

1526 – 1628 Personalities
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Chand Bibi, a contemporary of Emperor Akbar, is a historical figure and well known as the heroic defender of Ahmadnagar. She was daughter of Nizam-ul-Mulk, Hussain Nizam Shah of Bahamin…

1526 – 1628 Personalities
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Zahiruddin Muhammad Babur, popularly known as “Babur”, meaning lion, was the founder of Mughal Empire in India. He was born in Farghana, now in Uzbekistan, on February 14, 1483. The…

1526 – 1628 Personalities
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Akbar’s success was mainly due to capable and talented men who surrounded him. One of them was Sheikh Abul Fazl who was born in Agra on 14 January 1551 during…

1526 – 1628 Personalities
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Sher Shah Suri, “The Lion King”, founder of the Suri Dynasty, was born in 1472 in Punjab. His original name was Farid. He was the son of a petty Afghan…

1628 - 1707

1628 – 1707 Personalities
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Shah Abdul Latif, a great scholar, saint and spiritual poet, was born in Hala Haveli near the Khatiyan village of Hyderabad District, Sindh in 1689. His ancestral roots lay in…

1628 – 1707 Personalities
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Born in Burhanpur on October 14, 1643, Bahadur Shah I, originally named Muazzam, was the eldest son of Mughal emperor Aurangzeb. After the usual war of succession, Bahadur Shah survived…

1628 – 1707 Personalities
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Mir Mohammed Muayyinul Islam, (1550-1635) popularly known as Mian Mir was a famous Muslim Sufi saint who settled at Lahore. He belonged to the Qadiria order of Sufism. He is…

1628 – 1707 Personalities
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Dara Shikoh was the eldest son of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal. He was born at Ajmer on 20 March 1615. When he was 19, he seriously…

1628 – 1707 Personalities
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Shahzadi (Princess) Jahanara Begum was the eldest daughter of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal. The name Jahanara that was given to her by her Emperor grandfather Jahangir means ‘Adorner of…

1707 - 1857

1707 – 1857 Personalities
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Haider Ali was born in 1722 and was the son of Fateh Mohammad, a Punjabi adventurer, who traced his lineage to the family of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.). Haider Ali…

1707 – 1857 Personalities
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After the murder of Alamgir II, his son Ali Gauhar succeeded him by taking the title of Shah Alam. Emperor Shah Alam was an ornamental figurehead with the reigns of…

1707 – 1857 Personalities
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Shah Alam died in 1806 and was succeeded by his son, Akbar. He was king only in name and was the head of the royal establishment in the Red Fort…

1707 – 1857 Personalities
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Haji Shariatullah was born in Banderlakola, Faridpur district, in 1781. He was the son of an ordinary farmer. After getting his early education from his village, he went to Arabia…

1707 – 1857 Personalities
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Tipu Sultan, the eldest son of Haider Ali, was born on December 10, 1750 at Devanhalli. Right from his early years he was trained in the art of warfare and…

1707 – 1857 Personalities
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Aziz-ud-Din, the second son of Jahandar Shah, was raised to the throne by Ghazi-ud-Din after he deposed Ahmad Shah in 1754. On ascending the throne, he took the title of…

1707 – 1857 Personalities
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Shah Wali Ullah Muhaddis Dehlvi was born on February 21, 1703 at Delhi, just when the reign of Aurangzeb was nearing its end. He was named Qutb-ud-Din, but is better…

1707 – 1857 Personalities
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Nadir Shah also known as Tahmasp Qoli Khan was born on October 22, 1688. He ruled as shah of Iran from 1736 to 47 and was the founder of the…

1707 – 1857 Personalities
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Mîrza Mahmud, popularly known as Nawab Siraj-ud-Daulah, was the last independent Nawab of Bengal, Bihar and Oraissa. The termination of his reign marks the start of the British East India…

1707 – 1857 Personalities
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Mir Jafar Ali Khan, commonly known as Mir Jafar, was the army chief (Bakhshi) of Alivardi Khan the Nawab of Bengal. In Battle of Plassey he ordered Bengal army not…

1707 – 1857 Personalities
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Syed Mir Nisar Ali commonly known as Titu Mir was a great Bengali freedom fighter and a peasant leader who resisted the oppression of the local zamindars and European indigo…